Description

Peritonitis is an inflammation of the serous skin that covers the inside of the abdominal cavity and the abdominal organs.

Urgency

Urgency level 5

Danger

Danger level 5

Course

Peritonitis usually develops over a number of days or even weeks, while symptoms such as abdominal swelling, lethargy, fever and anorexia become more intense. If the peritonitis is the result of another condition, further symptoms may be present concurrently. Later stages of the disease can be very painful for the animal.

Cause

Common causes of peritonitis: any rurpture or perforation of the abdominal organs, i.e., intestines, bladder, or stomach, as the result of an accidental piercing by a foreign body. Other causes are bacterial or viral infection, parasites or tumors.

Therapy

Diagnosis is based upon clinical examination and laboratory testing. Stabilization of the patient with intravenous fluid is the first part of treatment. Subsequently, surgery is often required to remove any possible foreign bodies that may have entered into the animal's body, and to seal ruptured organs.

Emergency measures

If your animal is showing symptoms of peritonitis, consult a veterinary clinic immediately.